After thirty years of development, China hardware industry has become more mature, and also occupy an important position in the world market, at present our country many hardware products output ranked first in the world, such as lighters, zippers, wrenches, pliers, in foreign countries have very good sales record. At the same time, after many years of development, China's hardware industry cluster development characteristics gradually highlighted.
China is one of the world's largest metal producing countries, and has become the world's largest metal processing and export country, with a broad market and consumption potential. With the social and economic development, the hardware industry in the new situation, cluster development also has obvious characteristics.
The development of China's hardware industry cluster is divided into three types. First, the long history and typical representative is the big new town of Zhangjiagang. It is an industrial satellite town which started earlier in the South of Jiangsu area. It started with hardware and made fortune by hardware. It has more than 70 years of production history. Two is the industrial agglomeration, the typical representative is the annual sales income of over one hundred billion yuan of large hardware industry gathering area of Zhejiang Yongkang City, has become a pillar industry of the local. Three is the market development type, the typical representative is Xiaolan Town, Guangdong, Zhongshan. After years of development, it has formed a group of industrial products with locks and gas appliances as the leading, upstream and downstream products and various types of fittings. These three types of industrial clusters form the advantages and characteristics of each one has its own merits, not only their own, made a great contribution to the local, but also supporting the development of China's hardware industry, an important pillar of strength to go abroad.
The advantages of industrial clusters are obvious. It can effectively solve the problems of excessive management costs and agency costs, and avoid the problems of transaction costs and logistics costs caused by long-distance exchanges. Industrial cluster is conducive to the depth division of labor between enterprises, and the depth of division of labor is conducive to "specialized" and "refined", is conducive to improving efficiency, is conducive to technological innovation. At the same time, it is beneficial to attract investment, but also to save transaction costs, but also more easily arouse the sense of competition.
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